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Watch on Social Media : Typhoon RAI attacks Philippines

  • 防災
  • レジリエンス
  • 自然災害

Tyahoon RAI was formed on December 13th, 2021 in the Pacific Ocean and developed to “Super Typoon”, the strongest class thereafter. It made landfall on Siargao Island and passed the central part of Philippines including Cebu Island and Bohol Island to the west of the archipelago. According to JTWC (Joint Typhoon Warning Center) of the U.S. Navy, the record shows 72 km/h at the highest immediately before the landfall.

As of December 20 morning, the death toll surged to 169 and over 50 people are still missing. Roads and utilities are cut off everywhere and over 300,000 people were evacuated. As the country has a lot of small islands and the communication lines are interrupted thus it’s very difficult to grasp the exact scale of damage right now.

(Source : Dashboard of “Spectee Pro”, Map Data©Google)

The chart below is the map of central part of Philippines on which major posts on social media are plotted by Spectee. There were a lot of posts from Cebu Island maybe because the population size is relatively big and the damage is huge. Big pain to see the valuable resources for daily life such like houses and boats are destroyed terribly. We can see, in Kabankalan on Neglos Island, there was a severe flood which turned the streets into river.

Lapu-Lapu, Cebu Island Roofs of many houses blown away
Cebu City, Cebu Island Outer wall of Crown Regency Hotel peeled off
Sogod, Cebu Island Severe damage to market, an important place for daily life
Las Piñas, Metropolitan Manila Ships are stranded at port
Calape, Bohol Inside of a church messed up
Kabankalan, Neglos Island Tires of a car submerged under water
Barrio Obrero, Panay Island A utility pole toppled down
Kabankalan, Neglos Island Streets look like river
Araceli, Dumaran Island The moment the roof blown off
Taytay, Parawan Island A whole house seaside washed away
Dumaran, Parawan Island A house whose roof blown off
Abuyog, Leyte Island Damage on houses in coastal area
Province of Surigao del Norte, Mindanao Island Enormous damage to many buildings
Mandaue, Cebu Island Suffered large-scale power outages

As countries with a lot of natural disasters

Same as Japan, the Philippines is one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries. Located along the boundary of big tectonic plates and on the typhoon alley, the country suffers from floods, landslides, earthquakes and volcano eruptions. According to the World Risk Report issued by United Nations University, the risk index of Philippines is 3rd in 172 countries in 2018 and 8th in 181 countries in 2021. What is different from Japan is the economy of Philippines is not fully developed yet and so many poor people are impacted by such disasters because of insufficient countermeasures both in hardware and software. Japanese government, through JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency), has been providing various projects to assist the country to improve their ability to cope with natural disasters for long time and there seems to be a strong bond and special relationship between two countries. Below is the long list of the projects between Japan and Philippines after 2000.

(Source : JICA web page)

Japan is one of the most disaster-prone countries and its amount of loss per capita is highest in the world. Meanwhile, we cannot deny that this severe natural environment brings to us a great profit such like beauty of scenery of each season, unlimited variety of delicious foods and wonderful culture fostered under this condition. We have to live with natural disasters. Furthermore, Japan is proud of great technical capabilities. In this country, we would like to develop the new technology to fight against disasters and expand it to global scale…Spectee members are tackling on everyday with this wish in our mind.

Lastly, our sincere condolences to all those affected.

(SN)
December 20, 2021

Reference

World Risks Report 2018 (United Nations University)
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/WorldRiskReport-2018.pdf

World Risks Report 2021 (United Nations University)
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/2021-world-risk-report.pdf

JICA Website
https://www.jica.go.jp/oda/index.html


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